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高考英语必备:经典答题模板重点词汇大集合  

2016-12-20 16:12:47|  分类: 高考资讯 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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高考英语必备:经典答题模板重点词汇大集合
  【原则一:晚词优先】
  老师偏爱学得晚的单词,因为使用学得比较晚的单词,可以体现一个人学以致用的意识。如果一个意思既可以用初中单词来表达,又可以用高二、高三单词来表达,那尽量选择高二、高三的单词,如:
  (1)Adj.困难的
  黯然低分词:difficult
  闪光高分词:challenging 有挑战性的
  (2)Adj.重要的
  黯然低分词:important
  闪光高分词:vital 至关重要的;essential 必不可少的;significant 有重要意义的;
  (3)Adj.美丽的
  黯然低分词:beautiful
  闪光高分词:appealing动人的;attractive 吸引人的;charming迷人的;fascinating 迷人的
注:以上五个词既能修饰人,又能修饰物,非常好用,务必记熟!

  【原则二:短语优先】
  在阅卷老师看来,活用短语是一个考生能力的体现。因此,我们可以掌握一些将某些常见单词转化为短语的用法,如:
  (4)v. 参加
  黯然低分词:join
  闪光高分词:take part in
  (5)v. 使用
  黯然低分词:use
  闪光高分词:make good use of
  (6)v. 拜访
  黯然低分词:visit
  闪光高分词:pay a visit to
  (7)最常见的换词手段:形容词=of+同根名词

    【原则三:具体化单词优先】
  请先对比以下几组句子:
  【例句1I go to school everyday.
  【例句2I ride to school everyday.
  在课堂上,笔者经常以这两个句子为例,讲解具体化的重要性。很多同学都能感觉到例句2要比例句1好。究其原因,是例句2中的rode比例句1中的went更加具体:went只表达了的意思,而rode不但表达出的意思,还能表达出具体的交通方式。也就是说,例句2表达的信息量比例句1更加丰富。
  再如:
  【例句3Mr Wang is a good teacher.
  【例句4Mr Wang is a kind, patient and knowledgeable teacher.
  例句3只表达出Mr Wang是一个老师,而到底在哪些方面,却没有具体说清楚;例句4则清楚地告诉读者,Mr Wang好在三个方面:和蔼(kind)、耐心(patient)以及知识丰富(knowledgeable)
  因此,我们必须学会换用更为具体的单词表达我们的思想,如:
  (8)adj. 学习
  黯然低分词:learn
  闪光高分词:research研究;pick up偶然学到,顺便学到,轻松学到;master掌握
  (9)n. 好老师
  黯然低分词:a good teacher
  闪光高分词:a kind, patient and knowledgeable English teacher一个善良、耐心、博学的老师
  当然,除了替换某些表意抽象的单词,我们还可以通过增加细节成分,使表达更为具体,如,例句2可以加上同伴、心情等信息,进一步改写成:
  【例句5Itogether with Tom and Jerry, rode to the Zhongshan park yesterdayfeeling rather excited.
  同样的,例句4也可以加上一个定语从句,写出Mr Wang到底擅长哪些事情,如:
  【例句6Mr Wang is a kind, patient and knowledgeable teacher who knows how to enlighten us students.
  可以看到,例句5和例句6两个句子采用具体化的手段,将原本毫无生气的句子顿时变得生动形象了。
  综上所述,想让你的表达具体化,一共有两种常用方法,其一,是换掉某些表意不明确的单词,换上表意更加明确具体的单词;其二,是在句中适当增加细节成分。具体化的好处,是让句子的含义更加丰富,让读者更容易由句子展开丰富的联想,随着作者一起经历、一起思考、一起感动。在平时的学习、训练中,与其生硬地使用超纲词汇,不如好好熟悉大纲单词,用好具体化的两种方法,为你的作文增光添彩。
  事实上,具体化在汉语写作中也有同样的体现。比如,要表达惜别的感情,光说再见是不够的,应该像诗人那样,用具体化的细节带动感情,写出梦幻般的文字:让我与你握别/再轻轻抽出我的手知道思念从此生根浮云白日山川庄严温柔...
这就是具体化的作用,你体会到了吗?

    【原则四:大纲词汇的衍生词优先】
  在高中英语中,我们已经涉及到了词根词缀的知识。运用这些知识,可以将很多高中词汇衍生为四六级词汇甚至托福、雅思(微博)词汇。如果能够熟练使用一两个这种词汇,你的作文肯定碉堡了!
  举例如下,看看箭头后面的替换词都是由哪些单词变来的?
  (10)adj. 当然地
  黯然低分词:certainly
  闪光高分词:obviously 明显地;undoubtedly 毫无疑问地;evidently显然地;
  (11)adj. 不开心的
  黯然低分词:sad
  闪光高分词:discouraged气馁的;depressed沮丧的;downhearted垂头丧气的;low-spirited意志消沉的;

一、让步状语从句 
句型19.
No matter what / which / who / where / when / whose+从句,+主句.(注意从句中的时态一般情况下用一般现在时态。)如: 
No matter what you do, you must do it well.请比较:Whatever you do, you must do it well. 无论你做什么,一定要做好。 
No matter where you go, please let me know.请比较:Wherever you go, please let me know.你无论去哪儿,请通知我。 
(说明:这两种句型形式不同,而意义完全相同。) 
(注意:I will tell whoever would like to read it. 句中的whoever不能用whomever来代替。因为它即作动词tell的宾语,又作后面从句的主语) 

二、条件状语从句 
句型20.
When / So long as / As long as / Once +从句,+主句。(从句也可以放在主句之后。)如: 
As long as you give me any money, I will let you go.只要你给我一些钱,我就让你走。 
Once you have begun to learn English, you should learn it well. 一旦你开始学习英语,你应该把它学好。 
句型21.
主句+on condition that+从句.如: 
I will go with you on condition that you give me a sum of money.我和你一起去的条件是你给我一些钱。 
句型22.
主句+unless+从句.(注意:由于unless本身是否定词,所引导的从句的谓语动词用肯定而不用否定。)

三、原因状语从句 
句型25.
主句+in case+从句.(in case表示以免)如: 
I will take my raincoat in case it rains.我要把雨衣带上以免下雨。 
句型26.
主句+due to / because of / owning to / + the fact that +从句。如: 
He did not come to school because of the fact that he was ill.由于他有病了,所以没有来上学。 
 

四、时间状语从句 
句型27.
When / While / As +从句,+主句.如: 
When I was in the country, I used to carry some water for you.当我在农村时,我常常给你打水。 
句型28.
主句+after / before +从句. 如: 
They hadn't been married four months before they were devoiced.他们结婚不到四个月就离婚了。
We went home after we had finished the work.我们做完此工作就回家了。 

五、地点状语从句 
句型35.
Where +从句,+主句. 如: 
Where there is no rain, farming is difficult or impossible.哪里没有雨水,种庄稼是很难的或者是不可能的。 
句型36、Anywhere / Wherever+从句,+主句. 如: 
Anywhere I go, my wife goes too.无论我去哪儿,我的妻子也去哪儿。请比较: 
I will go wherever you suggest.你建议我去哪儿,我就去哪儿。 
 

六、目的状语从句 
句型37.
主句+in order that / so that +从句.如: 
I got up early in order that I could catch the first bus.我起得很早,以便能赶上早班车。 
句型38.
主句+for +sb. +to do.(注意动词不定式复合结构在这儿作目的状语。)如: 
He came here for me to work out this problem.他来这儿叫我帮他解出这道难题。 
 

七、结果状语从句 
句型39.
主句+so that+从句. 如: 
It was very cold, so that the river froze.天气很泠,因此河水结冰了。 
句型40.
So+形容词/ 副词+特定动词(助动词或系动词)+主语+…+that+从句. 
So interesting is this book that I would like to read it again.这本书那么有趣,我想再读一遍。 
句型41.
主语+谓语+such+名词+that+从句.如: 
He made such rapid progress that he was praised by the teacher.他进步很快,老师表扬了他。 
句型42.
Such was + 主语+that +从句.(这是个完全倒装句。)如: 
Such was the force of the explosion that all the windows were broken.爆炸力这么大,所有的窗户都被震碎了。

八、比较状语从句 
句型44.
The +形容词比较级……,(主句)the +形容词比较级+……如: 
The sooner you do it, the better it will be.越早越好。 
句型45.
主语+谓语+as +形容词原级+as +被比较的对象. 如: 
He is as busy as a bee.他非常忙。 
句型46.
主语+谓语+the+形容词比较级+of / between … 
He is the taller of the two.他们俩人中他高。 
句型47.
主语+谓语+倍数+as+形容词原级+as+被比较的对象.如: 
This room is three times as large as that one.这个房间是那个房间的三倍大。(这个房间比那个房间大两倍。) 
句型48.
主语+谓语+百分数/倍数+形容词比较级+than+被比较的对象.如: 
This city is twice larger than ours.这个城市比我们城市大两倍。 
The early rice output in that commune was 200% more than that of 2001.那个公社的早稻产量是2001年的两倍。 
句型49.
主语+谓语+the size / length/ width/ height +of +被比较的对象.如: 
Our building is twice the height of yours.我们的大楼是你们大楼的两倍高。 
十一、其它句型 
句型50.
It doesn't matter wh-+从句。如: 
It doesn't matter to me what you will do tomorrow.你明天做什么与我无关。 
It doesn't matter whether you will come or not.你来不来无关紧要。 

(一)段首句
1. 关于……人们有不同的观点。一些人认为……
There are different opinions among people as to ____ .Some people suggest that ____.
2. 俗话说(常言道)……,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,即使在今天,它在许多场合仍然适用。
There is an old saying______. It’s the experience of our forefathers,however,it iscorrect in many cases even today.
3. 现在,……,它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先,……;其次,……。更为糟糕的是……。
Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First, ____ Second,____.
What makes things worse is that______.

4. 现在,……很普遍,许多人喜欢……,因为……,另外(而且)……。
Nowadays, it is common to ______. Many people like ______ because ______.Besides,______.
5. 任何事物都是有两面性,……也不例外。它既有有利的一面,也有不利的一面。
Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception,it has both advantages and disadvantages.

6. 关于……人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为(说)……,在他们看来,……
People's opinions about ______ vary from person to person. Some people say that ______.To them,_____.
7. 人类正面临着一个严重的问题……,这个问题变得越来越严重。
Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and more serious.
8. ……已成为人的关注的热门话题,特别是在年青人当中,将引发激烈的辩论。
______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heated debates are right on their way.
9. ……在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许多好处,但同时也引发一些严重的问题。
______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life. It has  brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.
10. 根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图可以看出……。很显然……,但是为什么呢?
According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar graph/line/graph,it can be seen that ______ while. Obviously, ______, but why?

(二)中间段落句
1. 相反,有一些人赞成……,他们相信……,而且,他们认为……。
On the contrary, there are some people in favor of ___.At the same time, they say____.
2. 但是,我认为这不是解决……的好方法,比如……。最糟糕的是……。
But I don’t think it is a very good way to solve ____.For example,____.Worst of all,___.
3. ……对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的,(也是)非常重要的。首先,……。而且……,最重要的是……
______is necessary and important to our country’s development and construction. First,______. What’s more, _____.Most important of all,______.
4. 有几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先,我们可以……。
There are several measures for us to adopt. First, we can______
5. 面临……,我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来……。一方面……,另一方面,
Confronted with______, we should take a series of effective measures to______. For one thing,______For another, ______
6. 早就应该拿出行动了。比如说……,另外……。所有这些方法肯定会……。
It is high time that something was done about it. For example. _____.In addition. _____.All  these measures will certainly______.
7. 为什么……?第一个原因是……;第二个原因是……;第三个原因是……。总的来说,……的主要原因是由于……
Why______? The first reason is that ______.The second reason is ______.The third is______.For all this, the main cause of ______due to ______.
8. 然而,正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样,……也有它的不利的一面,象……。
However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides, ______also has its own disadvantages, such as ______.
9. 尽管如此,我相信……更有利。
Nonetheless, I believe that ______is more advantageous.
10. 完全同意……这种观点(陈述),主要理由如下:
I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______.

(三)结尾句
1. 至于我,在某种程度上我同意后面的观点,我认为……

As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent. I think that ……
2. 总而言之,整个社会应该密切关注……这个问题。只有这样,我们才能在将来……。
In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of ……Only in this way can ……in the future.
3. 但是,……和……都有它们各自的优势(好处)。例如,……,而……。然而,把这两者相比较,我更倾向于(喜欢)……
But ……and……have heir own advantages. For example, …… while…… Comparing this with that, however, I prefer to……
4. 就我个人而言,我相信……,因此,我坚信美好的未来正等着我们。因为……
Personally, I believe that…… Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because……
5. 随着社会的发展,……。因此,迫切需要……。如果每个人都愿为社会贡献自己的一份力量,这个社会将要变得越来越好。
With the development of society, ……So it's urgent and necessary to ……If every member is willing to contribute himself to the society, it will be better and better.


6. 至于我(对我来说,就我而言),我认为……更合理。只有这样,我们才能……
For my part, I think it reasonable to…… Only in this way can you……
7. 对我来说,我认为有必要……。原因如下:第一,……; 第二,……;最后……但同样重要的是……
In my opinion, I think it necessary to……The reasons are as follows. First ……second ……Last but not least,……
8. 在总体上很难说……是好还是坏,因为它在很大程度上取决于……的形势。然而,就我个人而言,我发现……。
It is difficult to say whether ……is good or not in general as it depends very much on thesituation of…….however, from a personal point of view find……
9. 综上所述,我们可以清楚地得出结论……
From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion that……
10. 如果我们不采取有效的方法,就可能控制不了这种趋势,就会出现一些意想不到的不良后果,所以,我们应该做的是……
If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do is……

(四、)表达观点的句型
I think ...        As far as I am concerned...         For my part...
Personally speaking...      As to me,...             As I see it,...
It seems to me that...       In my view...            If I may say so, I think...
I'm of the opinion that...     If you ask me,...         I believe/feel...     I advise you...
作文模版一―――对比观点
There is a widespread concern over the issue that (作文题目)But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person.
A majority of people think that _ 观点一_. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place,原因一.Furthermore, in the second place, 原因二. So it goes without saying that观点一.
People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that观点二. In their point of view, on the one hand,原因一.  On the other hand,原因二. Therefore, there is no doubt that观点二_. 
As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that观点一或二. It is not only because ____, but also because ____. The more ____, the more___.

范例1
假定你是某中学学生李华。最近你班同学正在参加21世纪英文报“大家谈”栏目的一个讨论。本次话题为:父母的收入有没有必要让孩子知道?请你根据下表所列情况给报社写一封信,客观地介绍讨论情况。
70%的同学认为:    30%的同学认为
1.    父母的收入应该让孩子知道;
2.知道后,知其来之不易,能够更加努力学习;知道后,可以理解家长艰辛,学会俭省,为大人分忧。   
2.    父母的收入没有必要让孩子知道;

2.如果知道父母收入较好,会助长乱花钱风气知道父母收入后,会以为不用努力也能靠父母,影响学习动力
We do have different opinions on this matter. Most of us (about 70%) think we should know our parents’ income since it will help us understand how hard our parents have to work, no matter how much they earn. Then we will study harder and will not waste money any more. We may also learn to share our parents’ trouble.
However, about 30% of my classmates think it unnecessary to let the children know how much their parents earn. If they know their parents have enough money to support the family,they will not study hard for they needn’t worry about the future. Especially when their parents have a relatively high income, the children will easily form a wasteful habit.

作文模版二―――说明利弊
Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life.Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First (A的优点之一). Besides,(A的优点之二).
But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that (A的第一个缺点).To make matters worse, (A的第二个缺点).Through above analyses, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones.Therefore, I would like to (我的看法).
(From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, (对前景的预测).)

作文模版三―――图表作文
As is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the table (graph/ picture/pie/ chart), _作文题目的议题_has been on rise (goes up/increases/drops/decreases),significantly/dramatically/ steadily rising/decreasing from_%  in _年_ to _%_ in _年_. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that __现象总结___.
There are at least two good reasons accounting for __。On the one hand, ____. On the other hand, ___ is due to the fact that __. In addition, __ is responsible for ___. (Maybe there are some other reasons to show ______. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing. )As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______. 再加上对策、口号。

  一、以形式主语it引导的句型。 
句型1. 
It (so) happened(chanced) that +clause. = sb. happened /chanced to do sth. =sb.did sth.

by chance. 如: 
It happened that he was out when I got there. 当我到那儿时,碰巧他不在。=He happened to be out when I got there.= It chanced that he was out when I got there= He was out by chance when I got there. 

句型2.
It seems that sb. do/ be doing/ have done/ had done= Sb. seems to do/ be doing/ have done/to be done/to have been done(还有动词appear等可这样使用)如:
It seemed that he had been to Beijing before.他好象以前去过北京。=He seemed to have been to Beijing before. 

句型3. 
It is / was+被强调的部分+that(who)+剩余的部分.如: 
It wasn't until he came back that I went to bed.直到他回来我才睡觉。(一定要注意被强调句型中的谓语动词否定的转移)。 It was because he was ill that he didn't come to school today.只因为他有病了今天没有来上学。(只能用because而不能用for, as 或since) 
It is I who am a student. 我确实是个学生。(句中am不能用are来代替。) 

句型4.
It is high time (time/ about time)+ (that) 主语+should do / did+其它。(从句中的谓语动词用的是虚拟语气。)如: 
It is high time that we should go / went home.我们该回家了。 

句型5.
It is / was said ( reported…)+that+从句. 如: 
It was said that he had read this novel.据说他读过这篇小说。=He was said to have read this novel. 

句型6.
It is impossible / necessary/ strange…that clause.(从句中的谓语用should+do / should have done,其形式是虚拟语气。)如: 
It is strange that he should have failed in this exam.真奇怪,他这次考试没有及格。 

句型7.
It is + a pity/ a shame…that clause.(注意从句中的谓语动词用should do或should have done的形式,但should可以省略。)如: 
He didn't come back until the film ended. It was a pity that he should have missed this film. 他直到电影结束才回来。他没有看到这部电影真可惜。 

句型8.
It is suggested / ordered/ commanded /…that +clause.(从句的谓语动词用should do, 但should可以省略。)如: 
It is suggested that the meeting should be put off.有人建议推迟会议。 

句型9.
It is/was+表示地点的名词+where+从句。(注意本句不是强调句型,而是以where引导的定语从句。)如: 
It was this house where I was born.请比较:It was in this house that I was born.(后一句是强调句型。) 

句型10.
It is / was +表示时间的名词+when+从句。(注意本句型也不是强调句型,而是以when引导的定语从句。)如: 
It was 1999 when he came back from the United States. 请比较:It was in 1999 that he came back from the United States. 
 Directions: Write an English  composition in over 120 words according to the chart and instructions given in Chinese.

  根据图表, 简要描述某市近年每百手机用户增长情况,并试分析其增长的原因

More and more people have mobile phones in recent years. In 1995, only one person in a hundred had a mobile phone in some city, as has shown in the above diagram. In 1997, 10 persons in a hundred had mobile phones. The number of the people who had mobile phones was ten times as many as in 1995. In 1999, there were 20 persons in a hundred who had mobile phones. In 2001, a half of the persons in a hundred had mobile phones.

There are several reasons for the increase of the number of people having mobile phones.First, the technology of making mobile phones is changing rapidly. Secondly, people’s income has been increasing quickly. Thirdly, mobile phones are useful in people’s life,they can communicate with others conveniently.
高考英语必备:经典答题模板重点词汇大集合 - 桃李天下 - 桃李天下
 
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